Landscaping Basics

Landscaping Harrisburg PA enhances a property’s appearance, making it more appealing to prospective home buyers. It also has practical benefits, such as providing shade, creating privacy, and preventing erosion.


Studies show that people are drawn to green spaces. They provide an ambiance that is restorative, soothing, and nourishing. They’re a place for playing, relaxing, and entertaining.

A well-manicured lawn adds curb appeal to any property and says a lot about the residents who live there. A lawn that looks healthy and lush is the result of many different factors, including proper watering, fertilization and care. Lawn mowing services can help ensure that your home’s greenery is in tip-top shape. The cost of these services will vary by location, yard size and the type of grass used in your yard. In addition, extra fees may be charged if your yard requires additional maintenance work like weed control, soil testing, aeration or seeding.

Landscaping is a more complex service that involves transforming outdoor spaces through design and construction, using plants to create peaceful, natural-looking areas. In contrast, lawn mowing is a simpler service that includes the basic upkeep of existing grass and garden beds. Landscaping includes a variety of other services, such as pruning, water management, tree planting and installation of hardscape elements.

Many homeowners use a variety of tools to maintain their lawns, including mowers, hedge trimmers, rakes and shovels. The equipment is not only necessary to keep a yard in good condition, but it can also be used to create interesting patterns in the lawn. One simple way to do this is to change the direction of the mowing pattern each time. This will help the grass stand up straighter, and will give the lawn a more manicured look.

When you are choosing the direction of your mowing pattern, it’s important to remember that the appearance of a pattern will depend on your perspective and sun exposure. Grass blades that are bent away from you will appear lighter because they have more surface area reflecting the light, while those that are towards you will be darker. Another way to vary the mowing pattern is to mow in a grid or diamond shape each time.

Changing the direction in which you cut the grass will help prevent clumping of the clippings. You can also make smart use of your clippings by adding them to the compost pile. They will break down quickly and provide nutrients to the soil, and you can then use them for mulch or in the garden.


Pruning is the act of removing unwanted twigs, branches and buds from trees or shrubs. It is an important component of regular landscape maintenance and can be performed for aesthetic, safety, health or structural purposes. It can also help in minimizing insect and disease problems, and enhancing the quality of flowers and fruits.

The practice of pruning is generally applied to woody plants, and may include the removal of dead, diseased or dying material, as well as the shaping or redirecting of growth of crop and ornamental trees and shrubs. The term pruning is often used interchangeably with the term trimming, but there is a clear distinction between these two terms in the landscaping industry, with trimming referring to shrubs and herbaceous plants, and pruning primarily applying to large trees and perennial woody plants such as roses, fruit trees and ornamental trees.

One of the primary benefits of regularly pruning trees and shrubs is that it enhances their beauty by getting rid of stubby limbs or branches that may be unsightly. Regular pruning also promotes cleanliness, as it gets rid of dead limbs that can attract pests. In addition, it helps the inner issues of plants and trees to come to light faster, allowing for a quicker and more effective insect and disease control program to be implemented.

There are many reasons to prune a tree or shrub, and different pruning techniques apply for each type of plant. For example, pruning a flowering shrub is done during the summer to encourage reblooming and to improve the shape of the plant; the thinning of needled evergreens such as pines or spruce can be achieved by pruning back to active buds; while pruning fruit trees is usually accomplished in winter.

For many temperate species of trees, the shedding of old branches and twigs is a natural process that occurs during the fall. Depending on the weather conditions, this natural shedding can be beneficial to trees by reducing the risk of storm damage and promoting new growth that will increase fruit production. In other cases, however, pruning is needed to reduce the overall size of a canopy, and this is most commonly done during winter for fruit trees and some ornamental species.

Irrigation System Installation

Irrigation systems are a substantial upfront investment, and they require periodic maintenance to ensure proper operation. Many homeowners feel the benefits of having an irrigation system are well worth these upfront and ongoing costs.

An irrigation system can help protect your landscape design investment. It can also make it easier to maintain your lawn and garden during busy times, such as when you travel or are away from home for extended periods of time.

When choosing an irrigation system, it’s important to consider the size of your yard and the type of plants you’re growing. Some types of plants require more water than others to thrive. For example, a shrub may need more water than a perennial flower bed or ground cover.

A professional landscaping company can help you determine the best watering schedule for your plant type and climate. They’ll take into account factors such as rainfall, soil conditions, temperature, and the amount of sun or shade your property receives. They’ll then recommend the number of sprinkler heads and watering schedule that will work best for your yard.

Once you’ve decided on the type of irrigation system you want, a professional will visit your property to create a diagram of the exterior areas that need coverage. They’ll then divide the landscape into watering zones, based on each area’s unique watering needs. A sprinkler system typically includes a controller unit, which can be programmed by the homeowner to provide optimum timing and frequency of watering. It may be connected to other devices, such as soil moisture sensors and rain gauges, to further optimize the system for your yard’s specific needs.

If you decide to install your own irrigation system, remember that you’ll likely need to get a permit for any digging around your property. You’ll also need to call 811 before you start digging so a utility-marking service can come and mark any public utility lines in your yard. This step will prevent damage to your new sprinkler system and improve safety during installation. When laying out your underground irrigation tubing, it’s often helpful to cover it with bark mulch to hide the tubing and keep it from drying out quickly.

Landscape Design

Landscape design refers to the arranging of the natural and man-made elements in an outdoor space. It can be applied to private gardens and estates, public parks, sports sites, urban areas and large regenerated and improved sites such as brownfields and contaminated land.

The landscape is often divided into two sections: the soft landscape and the hardscape. The former is made up of plant life and other natural features such as ponds or waterfalls. The latter includes elements such as paving and structures such as outdoor “rooms” or performance spaces, patios, walkways, walls and fences. Both sections have different effects on the overall look and feel of a landscape. For example, a paved area might increase water run-off and create puddles in dry weather. The’soft’ elements may also be affected by the addition of hard elements such as trees, which can shade the ground and alter the temperature and light of the surrounding plants.

A key aspect of successful landscaping is a sense of proportion. This is achieved by ensuring that the size of one element relates to the size of another element and that they are all in harmony with each other. A landscape that lacks a sense of proportion can appear cluttered, overcrowded or chaotic.

It is important to use a variety of plant types and colors to achieve the desired effect. This can be done to give a landscape depth and to provide interest throughout the seasons. It is also important to balance the number of each type of plant to ensure that the garden does not become too overgrown and unruly.

Landscapers need to be able to communicate with clients and prepare designs that meet the client’s requirements. This can involve discussing ideas and preparing site surveys to determine the potential of a site. It may also include creating functional diagrams and developing conceptual design plans. Most landscape designers work within a construction environment, so they have first hand experience of the costs and installation timelines that must be taken into consideration during the planning process. This allows them to relay this information accurately to clients and help them manage expectations and budgets accordingly.